Pantheon SEMPARIS Le serveur des séminaires parisiens Paris

Statut Confirmé
Série IPHT-MAT
Domaines hep-th
Date Mercredi 12 Juin 2019
Heure 14:15
Institut IPHT
Salle Salle Claude Itzykson, Bât. 774
Nom de l'orateur Nabil Iqbal
Prenom de l'orateur
Addresse email de l'orateur
Institution de l'orateur Durham
Titre From generalized global symmetries to pulsar magnetospheres
Résumé Pulsars are thought to be surrounded by strong magnetic fields as well as a high density of charged particles; the resulting zero temperature system is highly nonlinear. In this talk I will discuss an effective theory approach to describing this medium. A key role is played by generalized global symmetries: just as ordinary global symmetries enforce the conservation of particle number, some quantum field theories possess generalized global symmetries, which enforce the conservation of extended objects such as strings (or magnetic field lines). I will review this symmetry principle and explain how it allows a systematic construction of an effective theory describing a strongly magnetized plasma; at leading order in derivatives this effective theory agrees with the standard treatment. The inclusion of higher derivative terms however generically results in new and potentially observationally relevant effects, such as electric fields that accelerate charges along magnetic field lines.
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