Pantheon SEMPARIS Le serveur des séminaires parisiens Paris

Status Confirmed
Seminar Series APC-TH
Subjects gr-qc
Date Tuesday 12 October 2021
Time 14:00
Institute APC
Seminar Room contact for Zoom meeting details
Speaker's Last Name Hirvonen
Speaker's First Name Joonas
Speaker's Email Address
Speaker's Institution University of Helsinki
Title Effective field theory approach to thermal bubble nucleation
Abstract The possibility of observing a stochastic gravitational wave background originating from a cosmological first-order phase transition elicits interest in studying the transitions. Currently, a limiting factor in accurately determining the gravitational wave spectrum from an underlying microphysical model is the calculation of the nucleation rate. I will discuss recent work in which we have proposed a new effective field theory (EFT) framework for determining the thermal nucleation rate in high-temperature QFTs. Typical issues encountered in thermal nucleation calculations (double counting fluctuations, stray imaginary parts and diverging derivative expansions) arise due to an inconsistent treatment of nucleating bubbles. Using the EFT framework, we are able to create an effective description for the length scale of the nucleating bubbles and hence treat the nucleating bubbles consistently, resolving the aforementioned issues. In addition, the framework provides a clear physical picture of the process by making a connection to classical nucleation theory by Langer.
arXiv Preprint Number

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