Pantheon SEMPARIS Le serveur des séminaires parisiens Paris

Statut Confirmé
Domaines physics
Date Mercredi 6 Décembre 2023
Heure 13:30
Salle ConfIV (E244) - Dépt de Physique de l'ENS - 24 rue Lhomond 75005 PARIS
Nom de l'orateur Lellouch
Prenom de l'orateur Laurent
Addresse email de l'orateur
Institution de l'orateur CNRS - Aix Marseille Université
Titre The mysterious magnetism of the muon
Résumé Nearly two decades ago, physicists at Brookhaven National Laboratory achieved a remarkable precision of 0.54 parts per million in measuring the muon's anomalous magnetic moment, aµ This measurement lead to a persistent discrepancy of over 3 standard deviations (3σ) between the experimental result and the reference Standard Model prediction, hinting at potential undiscovered elementary particles or fundamental forces. On April 7, 2021, Fermilab physicists presented initial results from an ongoing experiment, confirming Brookhaven's measurement and bringing the deviation with the theory prediction to a near-discovery level of 4.2σ A subsequent publication this past summer further enhanced this discrepancy to 5.1σ exceeding the usual threshold for the discovery of new fundamental physics in the field of particle physics. In the meantime, the Budapest-Marseille-Wuppertal (BMW) collaboration employed large-scale supercomputer simulations to calculate the contribution that most limits the precision of the Standard Model prediction, a contribution traditionally determined via a data-driven approach. This lattice quantum chromodynamics (QCD) calculation paints a different picture, significantly reducing the difference between theory and experiment. However, it introduces a discrepancy with the data-driven result. The presentation will begin with an introduction and a comprehensive discussion of the current experimental and theoretical status of $a_\mu$. A focus will be placed on BMW’s precise lattice QCD calculation and the confirmation by other research groups of parts of the computation. A framework for comparing the primary ingredients used in the lattice QCD and data-driven approaches will also be presented, along with the necessary steps to make a Standard Model prediction that should allow to determine whether the final results from the Fermilab experiment, expected in 2025, indicate the presence of new fundamental physics.
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